Types of waste management include reuse, recycling, on-site burial, composting, landfill disposal, incineration, open burning, alkaline hydrolysis, autoclaving, bioremediation, digestion methods and rendering. It is important to note these options for waste management work for some waste material and may not suit others.
Cost-effective options include reusing and recycling, which help to save resources. Open burning may not be appropriate for disposing all types of waste, so it should only be considered when appropriate. Alkaline hydrolysis involves managing waste through the use of chemicals, such as sodium hydroxide, which helps to turn the waste into aqueous solutions. Digestion methods turn the waste into usable gas, such as methane gas.