The information employers record on the OSHA 300 log details work-related fatalities, illnesses and injuries. It includes the affected employee’s name and job title and the date, description and location of the incident, according to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA. The employer must also document the total number of deaths, injuries and illnesses, and calculate the incidence rate for the workplace.
As of 2015, OSHA requires all employers with more than 10 employees and not classified as a partially exempt, low-hazard industry to maintain an OSHA 300 log for recordkeeping and reporting purposes, explains the American Supply Association. OSHA uses this information to evaluate a workplace’s safety, understand an industry’s hazards, implement protections for workers, and reduce and eliminate hazards.
Employers must record all work-related fatalities and serious occupational injuries and illnesses, states the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, or AFSCME. OSHA defines serious occupational injuries and illnesses as those that result in time away from work, restricted work or transfer to another job. Employers must document all injuries and illnesses that lead to medical treatment beyond first aid, cause a loss of consciousness or are diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health care professional.
In certain “privacy cases,” employers are not to enter the employee’s name on the OSHA 300 log, says AFSCME. Such cases include infection with human immunodeficiency virus, tuberculosis or hepatitis, sexual assault, mental illness, or needlesticks or cuts contaminated with another person’s blood or infectious material.