Some topics on the basic written CPR exam include the correct way to perform chest compressions, what to do during a choking emergency and how to correctly assess and treat cardiac arrest. The exam also requires students to explain the proper method of opening an airway in patients with potential spinal injury. Some questions address medical emergency situations involving children and infants. The test also asks students to give definitions for different medical conditions, including cardiac arrest.
CPR written exams cover common medical emergencies and the proper way for first responders to treat them. For example, students are expected to know the most common airway obstructions, proper victim responsiveness assessment and techniques for clearing a victim's airway. The test also uses scenarios to cover the procedures that responders should follow in a given emergency. For example, it may present a situation in which a worker is electrocuted before falling from a ladder; in this scenario, students are expected to identify the answer with the correct response, which is to order onlookers to stand clear of the patient before delivering an AED shock.
The test also covers the basics of CPR: airway, breathing, circulation and defibrillation. It requires students to identify the correct number of breaths and compressions for adult, child and infant victims. The test may also ask takers to indicate the amount of pressure that the responder should apply to adult patients, and test takers may have to explain the physical effects of CPR. For example, the test may ask students to explain the importance of compression recoil, which allows blood to flow back into the heart. Another common topic on the test is the Chain of Survival, which is comprised of early access, early defibrillation, early CPR and early advanced care.