What Are Some of the Top Careers in Public Health?


Quick Answer

Biostatistics and informatics, community health, epidemiology, environmental health and global health are among the 10 most common areas of public health specialization. Specific jobs in these areas range from the biostatistician and epidemiologist, who conduct clinical trials, analyze risk factors and track data, to the health educator who uses this information to educate the public on how to reduce health risks. Work in the field of global health includes research, education, and policy development in the United States and abroad.

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Health policy and management, health promotion, maternal and child health, minority health, and social and behavioral health are also among the 10 most popular public health career paths. Careers in health policy and management include work as a health service manager or health department director with state or local government. Work as a government policy analyst advising elected officials and providing background research for local and state laws and regulations is another career option in the health policy field. Health promotion specialists work in public schools or for community and government organizations, creating health and wellness programs and educating the public regarding health hazards and prevention measures. In the field of maternal and child health, careers include policy development and the provision of services directly to mothers and children, such as breastfeeding support and nutrition counseling.

Public health nurses often work in the field of minority health and health disparities, which involves community collaboration and networking to meet the physical, cultural and linguistic needs of minority communities as these relate to health. Public health social workers, psychologists and psychiatric nurses work to address social and behavioral health concerns by understanding how individual and community factors impact certain types of illness and health risks, such as obesity and substance abuse.

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