A tax table is a chart that displays the amount of taxes owed to the state or federal government based on a number of factors, such as filing status, exemptions, income and any amount of deductions. While there may be some variance, most states use similar charts.
Choosing the correct tax table to use depends on the individual's filing status. Regardless of filing status throughout the year, the marital status on December 31 of any particular year should be used to determine which chart to use according to the Internal Revenue Service. The charts are based on taxable, not gross income.