Q:

What is a surface condenser?

A:

Quick Answer

A surface condenser is a device for condensing steam under vacuum pressure. A vacuum must be maintained in the steam condenser to ensure the efficiency of the steam-power plant. Steam and the cooling water do not come in contact with each other.

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Full Answer

The tube and shell condenser converts gas into liquid as part of the thermodynamic cycle, which includes a turbine, a steam generator and a pump. Condensation of steam occurs on the tubes through which cooling water passes. The steam condenser is made of a shell with a bundle of tubes passing through it. Heat exchange takes place when the water absorbs heat from the steam.

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