What Is Subsistence Farming?

Subsistence farming is a form of agriculture that is intended to provide a self-sufficient lifestyle for the farmers and their families. The livestock and crops are harvested in order to support family requirements only, not for selling or trading. The surplus amount is not sold, but stored and used until the next harvest.

It is one of the most commonly used farming methods in sub-Saharan Africa, and most of the poor people living in the rural areas depend on subsistence agriculture for survival. Rural farmers prefer this method of farming because it allows them to produce food in those areas, and not have to travel. It also signifies that they do not need to borrow and purchase food.