Steps to starting a chicken farm include building a secure chicken coop and chicken run and stocking the coop with a feeder, water containers and nest boxes. Once the coop is ready, the farmer can add hens and start collecting eggs. The farmer should collect eggs and shovel manure every day or multiple times per day, depending on the number of hens.
The coop should be large enough to accommodate all the farmer's chickens and all the chickens the farmer wants in the future, as building one large coop is less expensive than building a smaller coop and expanding it when necessary. A rule of thumb for coop size is 2 square feet of floor space per chicken. Chickens that have more floor space tend to be healthier and happier. Both the coop and the chicken run need fencing to keep the chickens from getting out and to prevent predators from coming in and eating chickens.
Chickens are social, so chicken farms should have at least two hens. If there is a rooster, the farm should have at least six hens, otherwise the rooster may wear out the hens.
Sunlight increases egg production in chickens. During the winter months, an artificial light keeps egg production up.
Necessary equipment and upkeep for a chicken farm vary depending on the purpose of the farm. Farms that raise chickens to collect and sell eggs have different requirements than those that raise chickens for slaughter.