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What side effects can be expected from chemotherapy?

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Some of the most common side effects of chemotherapy include various pains, fatigue, diarrhea, sores in the throat and mouth, blood disorders, and constipation, according to the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Side effects can be managed with proper rest, medication and good nutrition, notes WebMD.

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Examples of the pains associated with chemotherapy include stomach pain, muscle pain, headaches and pain resulting from damaged nerves, as claimed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. A majority of cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy experience fatigue, which is characterized by chronic weakness and exhaustion, says WebMD.

Some chemotherapy treatments result in loose or liquid bowel movements, states the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Diarrhea can lead to dehydration if not properly treated or prevented. Constipation can result from chemotherapy in addition to some of the medications used to manage the side effects of chemotherapy. It's best that chemotherapy patients drink plenty of fluids, exercise and eat balanced meals to lower the risk of constipation.

Cells found in the throat and mouth can be damaged by chemotherapy treatments, according to the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Sores can start to develop anywhere from five to 14 days after chemotherapy. Cancer patients with poor dental hygiene and diets are more likely to develop sores in the mouth and throat, which can become infected over time.

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