Figuring out which strengths and weaknesses to list on a resume is a process, with generic traits like capacity for hard work, making the applicant seem bland, while personality aspects, technical and artistic skills related to the workplace and qualities like adaptability seem novel and interesting. Weaknesses should be honest but framed with positivity and preceded by statements about how there is room for improvement and a conscious effort toward that improvement is being made.
Assessing personal strengths should be approached methodically. Applicants should list out their traits for themselves, finding as many as possible, before selecting down to a choice roster of five or so skills and traits which they feel define them in a novel and interesting way.
Strengths should be drawn from a number of different pools. The first is knowledge-based skills, sets of skills which set their possessors apart through specialization. The second is transferable skills, skills which can adapt to new environments and needs at will. The third is personality traits, those inherent features of self that set the individual apart.
Weaknesses are more flexible but must be handled with a positive spin. The applicant must show a willingness to recognize their own flaws and also a willingness to address those flaws through hard work and a concerted effort toward self-improvement.