The best time to buy breeding cattle is during the fall or winter. Prices are lower then because cattle must be fed hay instead of being allowed to graze.
Cattle prices go down in the fall because the cost of feeding and maintaining a cow over the winter months is often much higher than in the spring and summer when cattle have forage. Feedlot operations must feed more grain during the winter months in order to keep cattle in good physical condition. Purchase prices can go down even further if farmers realize that they do not have enough hay for the winter months. Buyers with extra hay can get breeding cattle at a large discount.