Robert's Rules apply to any meeting or organization brought together for the purpose of facilitating discussions and group decision-making. General Henry M. Robert established this set of rules in 1876 to promote the orderly rule of reason in deliberative societies.
The basic rules of Robert's laws break down into seven actions used in any given meeting or discussion. A "motion" is used to introduce a new piece of business or propose a decision or action, and must be voted into the discussion. "Postpone Indefinitely" is an action used to kill a motion. When passed, the motion cannot be reintroduced at that meeting.
To "Amend" something during a meeting is to change a motion under consideration. "Commit" is used to place a motion to a committee or group for consideration. The committee is then required to prepare a report on the motion committed. To "Question" is to end a debate entirely, and a question must be voted on as a motion would. The term "Table" is used to lay aside the business at hand in such a manner that it will be considered later in the meeting or at another time, and is also voted on. To "Adjourn" is a motion to end a meeting.