Salaried employees generally have the rights granted under the Federal Labor Standard Act, or FLSA, which sets a minimum salary requirement, gives workers the right to a safe working environment, allows compensation for overtime, sets limits on work time and more. Some jobs see exemption from the FLSA if they have federal guidance from another type of labor law, say officials at the United States Department of Labor, or DOL. Individuals working for railroad or trucking companies, for instance, receive federal employment guidance through the Railway Labor Act and Motor Carriers Act, respectively.
The FLSA covers workers in diverse settings around the United States. This provision extends to full-time and part-time employees in the private and public sectors. It sets forth basic provisions for employers concerning basic matters such as compensation for overtime, minimum age for hiring, base salary and proper documentation, in writing, of employees' activities.
The FLSA also establishes rights for working women who are nursing babies and for employment of minors under the age of 16. The FLSA does permit employment of children, considered age 15 and under, but establishes tighter restrictions for working hours, compensation and working environments.
Despite setting some parameters, the FLSA does not set policies regarding vacation and time off, payment during holidays and weekends, severance policies and sick leave, among other concerns. To ensure compliance, federal agents conduct investigations in companies periodically around the country, say officials at the DOL.