When dealing with a demotion, employees have rights such as protection from demotion due to discrimination, family and medical leave, and veteran status, as stated by the Houston Chronicle. Employers have the right to demotion employees, but must make sure not to violate the employee’s civil rights.
Employees are protected from demotion by many federal laws, such as the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Uniform Service Employment and Reemployment Act, according to the Houston Chronicle. Employers must be particularly careful when demoting an employee who belongs to a protected group. For example, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 helps ensure that employees have the right to a workplace that is free of discrimination. An employee who is a part of a protected group, such as pregnant mothers, people over 40 or any race or religion, can file a wrongful demotion complaint when demoted. Therefore, employers should create records of the reason for the demotion and clearly explain to the employee that the demotion is not because of any particular status.