What Are the Requirements Needed to Become a Deputy Sheriff?


Quick Answer

Requirements needed to become a deputy sheriff include having a high school diploma or its equivalent, graduating from an agency training academy, being a U.S. citizen, being at least age 21, meeting all necessary physical requirements and having a valid driver's license, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Applicants also have to meet necessary vision, strength, hearing and agility requirements, and pass written exams.

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Full Answer

Depending on the department, deputy sheriff applicants may have to complete college coursework or attain a college degree, notes BLS. Having knowledge of a foreign language can also help make for a stronger candidate, as can having experience in the military. Applicants should be prepared to take and pass a lie detector and drug test.

While completing academy training, recruits learn about civil rights, constitutional law, local ordinances, state laws and ethics, according to BLS. Academy training also touches on controlling traffic, patrolling, self-defense, firearm training, emergency response and first aid. Once a person becomes a deputy sheriff, he may be required to complete continuing education courses throughout his career, which might be paid for by an agency.

Deputy sheriffs who desire to advance in their careers may become eligible after completing a probationary period, notes BLS. Such promotions are often based on overall job performance and the results of a written exam.

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