What Are the Requirements for Becoming an X-Ray Technician?

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To become an X-ray technician, also known as an MRI or radiologic technician, an individual must earn an associate's degree, and possibly become certified or licensed, depending on the state, says the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Before becoming an MRI technician, an individual can gain experience as a radiologic technician.

While an associate's degree is the most popular degree option for X-ray technicians, as of 2015, there are also bachelor's degree and graduate certificate programs, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. An individual learns in the classroom and through clinical training while completing a program. Required courses can include physiology, mathematics, biology, anatomy and chemistry.

Some states require that a person earn a license or certificate before he can become a radiologic or MRI technician, notes the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. License requirements might require the individual to graduate from an accredited degree program and pass a certification exam either from the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists or the state. State health boards can be contacted for specific state certification and license requirements.

Adequate experience in magnetic resonance imaging is required for a radiologic technician to advance and become an MRI technician, says the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. An individual can also finish a formal education program and earn certification to become an MRI technician without first working as a radiologic technician.