Open enrollment for health insurance for the year 2016 through the federal health insurance marketplace begins November 1, 2015, according to HealthCare.gov. Open enrollment ends on January 31, 2016.
Other types of health care, including Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program, do not have open enrollment periods, explains HealthCare.gov. Persons applying for Medicaid or CHIP may do so at any time of the year.
Additionally, there may be certain circumstances in which a person is able to apply for health insurance outside of the open enrollment period. A person may apply for coverage within 60 days of a qualifying life event. Life events that warrant a special open enrollment period include marriage or divorce, having a child, adopting a child or placing a child for adoption, losing other health insurance or leaving incarceration. Additionally, Alaska native shareholders and members of federally recognized Indian Tribes can enroll or change insurance plans once per month.