A career in science requires a four-year bachelor’s degree in one of the sciences, and course requirements depend on the field of study. Industrial research or independent work may require a doctoral degree, which may add four to eight additional years of study. Responsibilities include problem solving, running experiments and research.Continue Reading
The many types of scientists include agricultural, computer, earth, library and materials scientists, as well as archaeologists, astronomers, biologists, chemists, mathematicians, military scientists, physicists, psychologists, social scientists and ophthalmologists. Famous scientists include Stephen Hawking, Charles Darwin, Niels Bohr, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Louis Pasteur and Sir Isaac Newton.
Science majors have varying requirements. For instance, an astronomy major requires a broad math and science background, including computing. Classes that teach how to write, research and present papers are important. Most astronomers hold an advanced degree in physics or astronomy, and around 100 universities offer advanced degrees in astronomy.
Earth science encompasses areas such as the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and pedosphere. An earth science major may include the study of geological science, ocean and atmosphere science, geochemistry, geophysics, palaeontology and climate. Many universities offer degrees in earth science. Graduates with advanced degrees in earth science find jobs with engineering firms, energy companies, colleges, universities and government agencies.Learn more about Career Aspirations
A position as an English teacher requires a bachelor’s degree in English, a state teaching license and teacher certification. While specific requirements vary between states, all three qualifications are required to teach at most schools.Full Answer >
To become a paleontologist, a college background that is focused heavily on the sciences and a major in geology or biology is recommended. Additionally, while in school, it is imperative to seek volunteer opportunities, internships or independent studies with a professional paleontologist or museum.Full Answer >
Careers in biomedical science include clinical laboratory technologist or technician, public health and program specialist, forensic scientist, prosthetics engineer or hospital administrator. Some of the careers associated with biomedical science may require further education such as a graduate or medical degree.Full Answer >
Some common training for a career as a data scientist includes an understanding of mathematics, statistics and computer programming, as well as a foundation in business practices and concepts. This typically results from a combination of courses at a college or university along with practical work experience at various types of companies.Full Answer >