To be a beautician, also known as a cosmetologist, an individual needs to attend a state-recognized cosmetology school and possess customer service skills, listening skills, time-management skills and the ability to stand for long periods of time. A cosmetologist might also need a high school diploma or its equivalent.
Aspiring cosmetologists can receive the required training at a post-secondary vocational school, which usually lasts about nine months if the student attends full-time. While completing training, individuals are instructed on hairstyling, skin care and the latest hairstyling trends. It's also a good idea for the student to take business courses if she plans on opening her own shop in the future.
To earn a license, a cosmetologist has to at least be 16, have a high school diploma or its equivalent and complete a recognized training program. The licensing exam includes a writing portion and occasionally an oral exam or a styling test. There are some states that allow a person to credit professional cosmetology training towards a license or credit the possession of a license towards professional training.
If a cosmetologist desires to move out of state and remain in the industry, there's a chance she may not have to complete additional training to earn a new license in her new state, but this scenario isn't a common one.