The first income tax in the United States was implemented in 1861 to help the federal government cover the costs of the Civil War, according to the Library of Congress. This tax was repealed 10 years later, and after several variations was eventually replaced by the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which allowed the government to collect an income tax as a source of federal revenue.Continue Reading
The 16th Amendment was ratified in 1913. Since then, federal income taxes have come to be seen as an indispensable part of what Oliver Wendell Holmes described as the price paid "for a civilized society," according to the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The framers of the Constitution enumerated the government's obligation to provide for the common defense and promote the general welfare. Taxes on income are the method by which the government collects the revenue necessary to execute these functions.
Another useful function of public taxation, according to the Treasury, is in educating the public about the real cost of the government's services. Knowing how much a certain policy will cost before it's implemented encourages lively debate and the rational cost-benefit arguments that are central to policy decisions undertaken by the citizens of a republic. A policy of general taxation thus encourages a broad public understanding of what the government does and how it operates, information vital to voters.Learn more about Income Tax
Access telephone numbers from 1962 through The Library of Congress, which houses an extensive collection of current and non-current telephone directories for the United States and several foreign countries. This collection of white and yellow pages are available to the public.Full Answer >
Russian mass immigration to the United States took place in four major waves, with the first taking place just before World War I, notes the Library of Congress. There are an estimated 750,000 Americans of ethnic Russian descent but only 242,000 are fluent in Russian.Full Answer >
The 16th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is important because it establishes the right of Congress to levy income taxes. The amendment was ratified in February of 1913.Full Answer >
The three primary purposes of taxes are to fund the government, redistribute wealth and mitigate the negative effects of many consumer products. Without the taxation system, the government and most social services would not be able to function.Full Answer >