The process of logging wood includes cruising, felling, bucking, skidding, grading, sorting and loading. The process is typically completed by one or more trained forester and several loggers.
During the cruising process, a trained forester surveys a timberland and estimates the composition and value of the timber therein. Depending on employer instructions, the forester may or may not take the ecological impacts of logging into consideration while cruising.
Next comes the felling phase, which involves workers cutting down trees with chainsaws. When cutting a tree, a logger takes care to control how trees fall. The logger makes several preliminary cuts before the final, or felling cut.
If more than one logger is working, the faller typically shouts "timber" before making the felling cut. This signals loggers to keep their eyes open and stay out of the way of the potentially dangerous falling tree. After the tree is lying on the ground, the bucking process begins. This involves cutting tree limbs and dividing the tree into logs for transport.
Next, workers skid the timber, attaching logs to tractors and dragging them out of the timberland on designated trails. Sticking to skid trails limits soil compaction and ensures proper replacement tree growth. After reaching a landing area, the loggers grade the logs and sorts them by type. Finally, the loggers load the logs into trucks and deliver them to sawmills or concentration yards, which are dedicated timber storage facilities.