Neurologists work in hospitals, private settings, research facilities and schools, reports the Houston Chronicle. Neurologists who work in hospitals focus on inpatient care, while neurologists who choose private practice work as individual practitioners or join groups of physicians. Private practitioners usually have access to nearby hospitals if they need to perform surgeries to treat patients. Neurologists working in research facilities join academic research projects or work in the laboratories of pharmaceutical firms and other commercial companies.
Neurologists diagnose and treat patients suffering from conditions related to the brain and nervous system, explains the Houston Chronicle. When working in private practice, neurologists sometimes advise patients to seek care from neurologists based in hospitals or neurosurgeons specializing in particular procedures.
Research neurologists study rare neurological illnesses and evaluate the effectiveness of new medications and treatments, states the Houston Chronicle. In addition to teaching and training aspiring doctors, neurologists in academic positions also engage in neurological research.
The education and training necessary to become a neurologist include an undergraduate degree, four years in medical school, one year of internship and three years of specialized neurological training, notes the Houston Chronicle. Doctors undergo further training that lasts up to four years to specialize in certain neurological fields. The Board of Neurology provides certification to doctors who complete residency training and pass certification tests.