A pediatrician performs examinations to make sure children are healthy, prescribes treatments for health problems, gives family members advice on childhood health, performs diagnostic tests, monitors patients with chronic health conditions and assists with disease and injury prevention. Some other duties may include doing childhood health research, directing other medical professionals on the staff, making medical care programs and performing operations.
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, aspiring pediatricians need to graduate from a medical school program and complete a pediatric residency. Board certification is available for those who successfully complete the pediatric residency. Individuals may also choose a further specialty in pediatrics, and this requires more education.