Individuals who receive Supplemental Security Income benefits do not have to pay taxes on benefits, eFile reports. However, other Social Security benefits, such as disability and retirement payments, may be subject to taxes, according to the IRS.
SSI is a benefit paid to individuals who meet certain medical, age and income requirements, explains the Social Security Administration. Individuals must be disabled or blind, have limited income and assets, and some recipients must be age 65 or older. Blind or disabled children may qualify for SSI if they meet the criteria established for their medical conditions. A child may be eligible to receive SSI as early as birth.