The Oxfam affiliates in separate countries raise money through donations by individuals, corporations, foundations and governments. Although Oxfam affiliates work within a coordinated framework, each is responsible for handling its finances independently, according to Oxfam International.
Oxfam affiliates have different guidelines by which they solicit and collect donations. For example, it is an official policy of Oxfam America not to accept donations from the United States government, which allows the organization to maintain more independence. On the other hand, some affiliates such as Oxfam Ireland and Oxfam Belgium do accept contributions from their respective national governments. All Oxfam affiliates have financial transparency, provide details and charts of income and expenditure, and receive high ratings from charity watch groups in their respective countries.
Oxfam stands for the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief. Founded by concerned philanthropists in Oxford, England, in 1942 to provide relief for Greeks starving during the Axis occupation, it later grew to include 17 organizations working in approximately 90 countries worldwide. Its initial goal of famine relief expanded to encompass programs to relieve the causes of poverty. Current programs include aiding struggles for human rights, campaigning for gender justice, providing immediate disaster relief, lobbying for protection of natural resources, working toward fair distribution of food supplies, and ensuring health, education and financial well-being for all.