The U.S. Mint is owned and operated by the U.S. government. It was created by Congress in 1792 and has been under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Treasury since 1873.
The Department of the Treasury operates five mint sites, located in San Francisco, Denver, Fort Knox, Philadelphia and West Point. The first mint facility was constructed by the federal government in Philadelphia, then the U.S. capital. The headquarters for the U.S. Mint are located in Washington, D.C. Coins minted for circulation are minted in either Denver or Philadelphia, while the mints in San Francisco and West Point produce commemorative coins and collectibles. The mint site at Fort Knox is used as a storage facility.