Orthopedic doctors focus on correcting problems with the bones and muscles, especially any deformities or disorders in the body's musculoskeletal system, according to the Illinois Bone and Joint Institute. Some orthopedists are generalists, while others have specialties, such as the spine, knee or sports medicine.
Orthopedic doctors treat all people, whether newborns or senior citizens. They've completed at least 14 years of formal education to learn their branch of medicine.
Such doctors treat carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, tennis elbow, runner's knee, tendonitis, Lyme disease and sciatica, to name just a few diseases. Orthopedic surgeons use various procedures, such as osteotomy, in which they cut and reposition the bone to fix bone deformity.