The amount of money state, local and federal governments take from each paycheck varies. The amount includes the number of withholding declarations on the W-4 federal tax form, state and local tax rates and the withholding for the Federal Insurance Contributions Act, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
The Internal Revenue Service maintains that the Federal Insurance Contributions Act carries a 12.4 percent tax rate, with 6.2 percent coming out of the employee's check and 6.2 percent coming from the employer. With few exceptions, every employee pays this amount. Other taxes come from state and local governments, according to the California Tax Service Center. These tax withholding declarations act like the federal income tax withholding, but the funds go to state programs.