States determine Medicaid eligibility by considering a person's age, physical condition and income. A majority of states provide Medicaid for those who are receiving Supplemental Security Income and to disabled and aged citizens with an income below 100 percent of the current federal poverty level.
General Medicaid eligibility requirements include being at least 65, blind, pregnant, a child or having a permanent disability as defined by the Social Security Administration. A person must have limited assets and income to qualify for Medicaid. Sources of income that the government considers to determine eligibility include regular benefit payments, wages, salaries, pensions and bank account interest. Sources of income that are not considered for Medicaid eligibility include home energy assistance, nutritional assistance and housing assistance.