Medicaid typically provides services that cover vision benefits, including eye exams in most states. The frequency individuals may receive an eye exam varies from state to state. Children under 21 can receive eye exams, eyeglass frames and lenses under a Medicaid program.
Glaucoma screening is sometimes available through Medicaid. Medicaid often covers some of the cost of cataract surgery. The guidelines for Medicaid benefits are set by the federal government, but the actual requirements are set by each individual state. Categorically needy groups are granted Medicaid benefits that include medical and vision benefits. These costs are paid directly to the health care providers and sometimes require a co-payment, depending on the state.