What Are Medicaid Benefits?


Quick Answer

Medicaid benefits include various mandatory and optional services relating to healthcare and wellness offered through the federal Medicaid program, including hospital stays, treatment at inpatient and outpatient facilities, diagnostic tests and procedures and prescription drug coverage. Medicaid exists as a federal healthcare program, but states create and regulate their own Medicare programs; services and procedures available to Medicaid patients vary depending on the state and level of coverage. Through federal guidance, states receive broad discretion in determining the duration of Medicaid benefits and scope of financial and medical coverage.

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What Are Medicaid Benefits?
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Full Answer

In addition to mandatory services, the federal government lets all states select additional optional services from a long list of options. Regardless of location, all Medicaid patients, under the Affordable Care Act, receive full coverage for hospital treatments on an inpatient and outpatient basis, along with diagnostic tests and screenings for certain diseases and illnesses.

Patients receive coverage for X-rays, along with home health, physician and family planning services. Transportation to and from hospitals qualifies for Medicaid services, as does aid for pregnant women to stop using tobacco. Optional benefits include eye exams and eye wear, chiropractic and alternative medicine treatments, podiatry, dentistry and prosthetics, and hospice, personal care and palliative care. Some states offer Medicaid coverage for mental health services, while others do not.

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