The Department of Labor states that the number of sick days to which someone is legally entitled depends upon the size and public or private status of the employing entity, the length of employment and the conditions of the sick leave. The maximum protected leave is 12 unpaid workweeks.
The Department of Labor informs people that private sector employers who have more than 50 employees and most public sector employers must provide their employees with up to 12 workweeks, or 60 workdays, of unpaid leave for childbirth, childcare, a serious health condition impacting the employee or that employee's immediate family, and an emergent issue resulting from the employee's immediate family being deployed with the military. The employee must have at least a year's tenure with the company to qualify. No other sick leave is federally mandated.