Guidelines for creating an evacuation template for a building are provided by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration and its interactive emergency evacuation floor plan. A good building evacuation template should include primary and secondary exits and use arrows to demonstrate how to find emergency exits, according to OSHA.
A color coded floor plan makes it easy for people to see all designated exits for each area of the building, and arrow colors should match those of individual building sections, as shown by OSHA. For example, people who work in a red section follow the red arrows to the nearest exit, while those working in the blue section follow the blue arrows to safety. The building's primary and secondary exits must be clearly marked so that people from all sections of the building can find the most obvious escape routes. A wheelchair graphic can be placed near exits that offer the best escape routes for disabled people.
Evacuation plan templates can also indicate where the restrooms are located, using arrows to point the way out, as demonstrated by the OSHA diagram. Likewise, the template should include elevator locations along with arrows pointing to escape routes. Areas that are hazardous, or where no escape is possible, must also be clearly indicated.