A urology surgeon receives experience while obtaining necessary specialty training from his residency or fellowship program, which takes five years beyond the required four years of medical school. At this point, medical residents can obtain board certification and a license to practice on their own, as of 2015.
Students wanting to become urology surgeons must complete an undergraduate degree. After completing an undergraduate degree, students must take at least four additional years of medical school that involves preclinical and clinical training to obtain their doctor of medicine degrees. A residency program then follows this education where future urologists gain professional experience and training under the supervision of a physician. This residency includes at least three months of general surgical training and three months of core surgical training. Physicians must continue education after receiving board certifications and licenses.
As of 2009, fewer than 9,800 urology surgeons participate in the U.S. workforce. The average age of a urology surgeon is 52.5 years old, making this an aging profession in the medical field. Urology surgery is also one of the oldest medical specialist professions. Additionally, this career path has decreased in regards to the supply of urologists since 1981. However, the number of women urologists increased by 1,000 times.
More than 60 percent of urologists work in group practices. Most of the group practice urology physicians work in urban areas and are usually young professionals.