Pioneers were not defined as a class of people. Rather, the term refers to people who moved west as the territory in the United States grew. Their lifestyles were very varied, though there were some common issues with which all pioneers had to contend.
Housing was a the first challenge for many pioneers when they arrived at their new home. Since the trek was typically lengthy and dangerous, pioneers took only necessities with them on their initial journeys. Once they decided to settle, they used readily available materials to build homes. Many pioneers were farmers who, once their homes were built, spent long hours tending to livestock and fields. A bad crop or the death of livestock could mean disaster for pioneers. Women and girls also spent long hours in kitchens canning food that could be preserved for the winter when plants would not produce food. Chores such as soap and candle making and laundry were also common for female household members.
Pioneers made as many of their own supplies as they could. Purchasing supplies from the eastern United States was expensive, and some things were available infrequently. It was not uncommon for pioneer children to not attend school. They may or may not have been educated at home. Pioneers also had to be on constant guard for others attempting to squat on their land and invaders. Police protection was extremely limited in rural areas as were medical services.