A letter of non-renewal of a lease from a landlord is an official notice to the tenant to vacate the premises at the end of the current lease term, according to the Landlord Protection Agency. The Law Offices of Heist, Weisse & Wolk, P.A. notes that a landlord does not need to stipulate a reason for terminating the lease agreement.
The same site maintains that a landlord can serve the tenant with a letter of non-renewal at any point prior to the end of the lease as long as a proper amount of notice is given to the tenant to vacate. Evict Assist lists typical statutory notice periods as 60 days for a year-to-year lease, 30 days for a quarter-to-quarter lease, 15 days for a month-to-month lease and seven days for a week-to-week lease. The mandatory notice period may vary by state from these guidelines. If the landlord has a reason for serving the tenant with a letter of non-renewal, the reason must be accurately and clearly documented in the landlord's tenant files.
The Landlord Protection Agency notes that there are certain elements to be included in a valid letter of non-renewal. These elements include identification of the tenant and the premises, the period of the notice, a reminder of the tenant vacating procedure outlined in the lease agreement, the daily penalty rate if the tenant does not vacate at the end of the notice period and the landlord's reason for asking the tenant to vacate, if one exists.