Some career jobs that require high intelligence include medicine, academia and law. These fields, which require complex problem solving and a wide set of skills, typically attract individuals with high IQs.
Doctors rank among the highest-paid professionals in the United States because the work they do is both important and difficult. The field of medicine is vast, and doctors must have comprehensive knowledge of many different medical procedures. They must also be able to communicate effectively to patients and colleagues about different medical issues. Many doctors specialize in a specific area of medicine, such as surgery, gynecology or anesthesiology.
Academia is another career field populated by highly intelligent individuals. College professors are experts in their respective fields, teaching classes and conducting their own original research. As with many other high-intelligence careers, a position in academia requires extensive education, typically a master's degree or a doctorate and evidence of publication in academic journals.
Law is another of the highest-paying professions because the work is so demanding and complex. Like doctors and professors, lawyers must receive significant education before beginning their practice, including both a bachelor’s degree and a law degree. Lawyers must understand and interpret extremely complicated legal issues in order to serve the interests of clients. Trial lawyers must also navigate courtroom proceedings, which requires significant interpersonal intelligence and communication skills. Similar to medicine and academia, lawyers often specialize in a certain area, such as environmental law or tax law.