A public health nurse is responsible for identifying medical risk factors in specific communities, designing and implementing educational programs and activities focused on disease prevention, and educating at-risk populations about the availability of health care services, according to the American Dental Education Association. Public health nurses also advocate for improved access to health services for communities by contacting federal, state and local authorities and government officials.
The primary focus of a public health nurse's duties revolves around educating the public, explains the American Dental Education Association. Public health nurses distribute educational pamphlets, workshops and guest speaker events to inform citizens on how to protect and improve their health. Public health nurses host activities and lectures at senior centers, community centers and schools. The educational content may include information about disease screenings, immunizations, safety practices and proper nutrition. Some public health nurses host pre-natal and well-baby care classes, teach the elderly how to safely navigate the aging process and inform young people about how to recognize potential health and environmental dangers.
Public health nurses work to promote early detection of illnesses and diseases, according to the American Dental Education Association. These medical professionals commonly work in rural and low-income communities to promote the need for health services while advocating for improved access to medical care.