A medical dermatologist diagnoses and treats patients with disorders of the skin, hair, nails, mouth and external genitalia. Dermatologists have special training in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of infectious, degenerative and immunologic skin diseases.
A medical dermatologist provides medical care for patients with skin disorders and some sexually transmitted diseases. A dermatologist diagnoses and treats skin tumors and cancers, moles and melanomas. A dermatologist also assists patients to recognize the skin manifestations of systematic and infectious diseases and manage contact dermatitis, as well as other allergic and nonallergic skin disorders. Training equips a specialist with the skills to care for dermatology patients through surgical and cosmetic procedures and a range of medical therapeutics.
Some of the procedures that a medical dermatologist performs include liposuction, laser surgery, sclerotherapy and excisions. A dermatologist also performs cosmetic procedures, such as anti-aging treatments, reconstructive grafts, tissue augmentation therapies and hair transplants. Patients seeking injectable soft tissue fillers, vein therapy and acne scarring correction can also benefit from the services of a dermatologist. Additionally, a dermatologist assists patients to care for normal skin, protect themselves from the sun and prevent skin cancer. On average, the job of a medical dermatologist entails working 45 hours a week.