According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, mail carriers deliver mail to residential neighborhoods and commercial businesses. This work is performed outdoors using a vehicle and sometimes on foot. This job does not require any specific post-secondary education, however, all candidates are required to take and pass a written exam.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics explains that there are several opportunities to work as a postal employee. The Postal Service employs clerks, mail sorters, processors and processing machine operators. These employees work indoors within a local post office location. As ot 2012, the median annual income for postal workers is $53,100, or $25.53 per hour.
The projection for this industry indicates a decline in jobs. It is estimated the post office will lose approximately 28 percent of the jobs available between 2012 and 2022. Technology in the way of automated sorting machines, cluster mailboxes and restricted budgets are projected to have a negative effect on employment, explains The Bureau of Labor Statistics.
As postal workers retire, new positions become available. However, competition for the positions is high. Many applicants apply for the open jobs and the number of applicants are usually in excess of the jobs available, notes the Bureau of Labor Statistics.