Inventory-management systems are used to track sales and inventory using different forms of technology to create a cohesive analysis report. These systems communicate in real time with vendors, merchants and suppliers regarding inventory. Inventory-management systems receive detailed inventory-related information and integrate other forms of data, such as seasonal demand, into analysis protocols. These systems are flexible and inform merchants of necessary orders and quantities.
Inventory-management systems use RFIDs or bar codes to identify items or products consumers are purchasing. The system uses scanners to transfer consumer-purchasing data to computers. The scanners read the bar codes or RFIDs and transmit the data to inventory software. The software analyzes the numbers from the RFIDs or bar codes and matches them to applicable merchandise. This process helps merchants accurately track sales and inventory. The software used by the system is specialized, and it manages the amount of purchased stock and the amount of remaining stock in the warehouse. The software interprets data and offers suggestions for reordering. Some management systems are designed to reorder products automatically under specific conditions. Inventory-management systems use electronic data to communicate different inventory needs. This is known as electronic-data interchange. This process sends and receives data between different parties such as a vendor and a retailer.