Q:

How do you integrate Jean Watson's theory of caring into nursing practice?

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Quick Answer

Nurses integrate Jean Watson’s human caring theory into their nursing practice by developing interdependent relationships with their patients, according to Watson Caring Science Institute. When human caring theory is integrated into the nursing practice, there is no questioning of the nurse’s ethics, moral clarity and passion for the profession.

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Full Answer

With implementation and practice of the seven characteristics of the theory, the autonomy of the patient, his rights and his treatment goals are enhanced along with the quality of care provided, explains Watson Caring Science Institute. Watson provides clear guidance for nurses when it comes to making ethical decisions about the quality of care of their patients.

Watson’s faculty page deconstructs the human caring theory into three parts: care factors, transpersonal caring relationship and the caring occasion moment, notes Watson Caring Science Institute. There are also 10 elements listed as a framework for care: humanistic-altruistic system of value, faith and hope, sensitivity for self and others, helping and trusting others, and development of caring relationships. Other elements listed include an honest expression of positive and negative feelings; creative problem solving during the caring process; transpersonal teaching and learning; supportive, protective and corrective mental healing; creation of a physical, societal and spiritual healing environment; helping with human needs; and spiritual acceptance and awareness.

Watson’s human caring theory changed nursing and the way nurses evaluate their daily work. Being a nurse in a clinical setting and applying this theory guides the nurse’s decision-making process, enhancing the quality of patient care, says Watson Caring Science Institute.

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