Employee evaluations, also known as performance appraisals, assess an employee's ability to meet performance expectations. Specifically, a performance appraisal outlines an individual's achievements and areas needing improvement as related to work quality, productivity and reliability, states Entrepreneur.com. An employee is evaluated on general performance standards, such as communication and work relationships, and on position-specific standards based on the employee's job description.
In addition to the supervisor's assessment, the employee should have an opportunity for self-assessment as part of the performance review. Finally, the annual review is a good time to discuss future goals, advises Forbes.com. An effective evaluation is not just a written document but also a one-on-one discussion between the supervisor and the employee.
For a performance appraisal to be effective, the supervisor must be honest, states Inc.com. The goal is to help the employee improve, so anything other than honesty is a roadblock to achieving that goal.
The evaluation is an opportunity to praise good performers and to coach struggling employees, explains Nolo.com. Of course, appraisals can also serve as written proof of poor performance should a company need to fire an employee. When coaching for improvement, the supervisor must focus on performance and avoid evaluating the individual's personality. The supervisor should set specific, realistic goals for the expected improvement and clearly state a deadline for the change.