A job safety analysis, or a job hazard analysis, usually contains information about the necessary steps to perform a particular job, the potential hazards, and the appropriate recommendations to lower risks of hazards or eliminate them, reports SafetyWorks. The process aims to determine the dangers associated with certain tasks to prevent workplace injury. A job safety analysis also enables employers to investigate workplace accidents or train employees on safe ways to perform jobs.
A job safety analysis requires informing employees about the purpose of the procedure, noting that the task does not affect employee performance, studying the company's accident history and identifying applicable standards set by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, explains SafetyWorks. It's important to prioritize jobs involving the highest number of injuries or sicknesses.
The first step in conducting a job safety analysis is dividing a specific job into several steps by observing an employee do the job, states SafetyWorks. Next, the employer should describe each step concisely and accurately and take pictures or videos if necessary.
Identifying hazards requires asking what can possibly go wrong, how dangers may occur and the likelihood of their occurrences, notes SafetyWorks. After talking to employees about ways to eliminate or decrease risks of hazards, employers should list down safe methods to perform the job, including equipment changes, use of protective gear and adjustment of administrative controls.