Independently owned industrial companies include Cargill, Koch Industries and Mars, and these companies are also the largest private companies in the United States. As private companies, they are not required to release financial information to the public.
Minnesota-based Cargill has a highly diversified portfolio of businesses in the food, agriculture, financial, and industrial products and services industries. Its food business supplies food and beverage manufacturers with ingredients, poultry and meat products. The company also processes and distributes grains and oilseeds, and provides health-promoting products and services to crop and livestock producers. Its financial services arm offers risk management and financial solutions. As of fiscal year 2015, Cargill employs 153,000 people in 67 countries, with $120.4 billion in sales and $1.58 billion in earnings.
Kansas-based Koch Industries is a conglomerate involved in oil refining, energy and biofuels, chemicals, minerals, and fertilizers. Additional products include fibers and polymers, forestry products, process and pollution control technologies, glass, and electronic components. It also trades in commodities. As of 2015, the company does business in about 60 countries and employs more than 100,000 people worldwide, with about 60,000 in the United States.
Virginia-based Mars, Incorporated is a global manufacturer of confectionery products, pet food, and other food products. It had 33 billion in sales in 2013 and employs over 75,000 people. It operates six business segments in the United States: chocolate in New Jersey, pet care in Tennessee, Wrigley products in Illinois, food in California, drinks in Pennsylvania, and life sciences in Maryland. The company also has operations in Australia, Czech Republic, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.