To receive Medicare there are no income requirements a person must meet; applicants instead must meet the minimum age requirement, which is age 65 or older as of 2015, notes LongTermCare.gov. In addition to this requirement, other people who are eligible include those living with certain disabilities or with end-stage renal disease, regardless of age.
Medicare only pays for certain elements related to long-term care such as hospice treatment, skilled nursing facility treatment and home health care treatment. Basic services, such as custodial care and bathing, are not covered by Medicare, notes LongTermCare.gov. Medicare covers the aforementioned services if the recipient requires skilled care such as therapy or skilled nurse treatment, has been admitted to a Medicare-certified facility within the previous 30 days prior to requesting special services and has had at least one hospital stay that lasted three days or longer.
Meeting these requirements allows Medicare to pay for special services for up to 100 days, with 100 percent of the costs covered in the first 20 days. After 20 days, as of 2015, any costs higher than $140 are covered by Medicare, notes Medicare.gov. The first $140 must come from the patient or designated patient representatives.
Medicare also pays for other medically necessary services as determined by a patient's personal physician. These include intermittent or part-time nursing care, medically necessary therapies such as speech therapy or physical therapy and medical supplies such as oxygen, hospital beds and wheelchairs. Certain drugs are also included when necessary, notes Medicare.gov.