Q:

What are some important steps to increase soybean production?

A:

Quick Answer

Steps to increase soybean production include spacing the rows narrowly, choosing the right varieties, and disease and pest control. Planting at the right time and using the right fertilizer also increase soybean yields.

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Full Answer

Choosing the right varieties is an important factor that determines soybean yields. Match the varieties' traits with the disease and insect problems that are common in the fields.

Though soybeans have a reasonably wide window of planting dates, the yields are much reduced outside the optimum window. Highest soybean yields are usually obtained with late-April to early or mid-May plantings.

Scouting the fields diligently helps in reacting quickly to pest problems during the season. Taking notes when scouting helps in planning for next season’s pest problems and varieties selection.

Using an insecticide helps in managing the soybean aphid and the bean leaf beetle. Fungicide and insecticide seed treatments are used to reduce the residue levels in the yields.

Regularly testing the soil helps in ensuring that the fertility and pH levels are in an appropriate range. Soybean plants have high nitrogen needs, so application of nitrogen during the pod or seed stages of development increases the yields. Soybeans are more often deficient in manganese than in other micronutrients, and they respond well to application of manganese fertilizers.

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