An important event in the history of nursing was the Civil War, which saw the advent of hospitals and the creation of the credentialed profession of nurses. The work of nurse Florence Nightingale was influential in shaping nursing practices around the world during this time.
As part of the Civil War efforts, in 1861 Congress authorized the Surgeon General to employ women as nurses in Army hospitals for a salary of $12 per month.
In 1872, Dr. Marie Zakrewska founded the nation’s first nursing school, which was affiliated with the New England Hospital for Women and Children.The first graduate of the program, Linda Richards, is recognized as the first American nurse to be professionally trained.
In 1886, the first nursing journal, The Nightingale, was published.