It is illegal for both public and private hospitals to turn away patients on the basis of their inability to pay for medical services or for their lack of insurance. However, private hospitals can turn away a patient on these grounds in non-emergency situations, explains Free Advice.
The practice of female genital mutilation is also an illegal policy practiced by some hospitals. FGM for non-medical reasons has been illegal in the United States since 1996. However, there is a growing number of FGM cases in America. Cases of FGM have risen by more than 100 percent over the last decade, reports Newsweek. This is sufficient evidence that some hospitals do not respect the anti-FGM policy adopted by the U.S. government. The rise in cases of female circumcision is largely attributed to the steady increase in number of immigrants from countries such as Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Ghana where FGM is widely practiced.
Some hospitals also prohibit their doctors from performing abortion or even discussing the option of abortion with their patient. The American Civil Liberties Union, in its complaint against the Mercy Regional Center in Denver, Colorado, indicates that the hospital does not allow doctors to discuss the option of abortion with a patient even in life-threatening situations. This position is further confirmed by a letter from the medical director at Mercy Regional Center, explains Catholic Watch.