A hematologist is a specialist who works with blood, blood diseases and blood-forming organs. Other doctors consult hematologists when they suspect that a patient has a blood disorder and further diagnosis or treatment is necessary.
Hematologists provide assistance for total patient care when a patient has a blood disorder or condition. This includes working closely with gynecologists, surgeons and radiation therapists.
Hematologists also work closely with the patient’s primary care physician or general internist. Some hematologists work for hospitals or medical centers, while others have their own internal medicine practices. They provide treatments such as chemotherapy, core bone marrow biopsy, bone marrow aspiration and therapeutic phlebotomy. The patient returns to his primary care physician following treatment from the hematologist.
Some of the common disorders hematologists deal with include anemia, white blood cell and platelet disorders, bone marrow problems and abnormal clotting and bleeding. They also treat blood malignancies such as multiple myeloma, lymphoma, hairy cell leukemia and leukemia, as well as Hodgkin’s disease.
Hematologists have advanced education and training in the field of hematology, which deals with the study of blood and blood diseases. They complete medical school in addition to postgraduate training, board-certified training in internal medicine and an additional two years dealing with hematological disorders.